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Forest resources can be inventoried and monitored using various techniques, ranging from simple assessments to more complex statistical sampling of attributes such as snag density, timber volume, and stream-side canopy. The sections below identify various monitoring protocols you can use on your forest, including links to field forms.
Determine baseline stand and timber information, comply with FSC® monitoring requirements (Indicator 8.2).
Quantitative – statistical sample and permanent plots.
– Tree species, diameter, defect, height, and age
– Sapling species and diameter
– Shrub species and percent cover
– Number of snag
Inventory Program in Excel (to calculate trees per acre, etc.)
Detect and track road deterioration, maintenance needs, or negative environmental impacts.
Qualitative – traverse road segments
– Road issues and severity
– Maintenance needs
– Appropriateness of culvert size compared to stream
– Passability of culverts on fish bearing streams
Identify areas of high biological value; monitor impacts of conservation and/or harvest activities; comply with FSC monitoring requirements (Indicators 6.1, 9.4).
Qualitative – forest site visit.
– Topography and site characteristics
– Forest dynamics
– Forest habitat
– Tree types and sizes
– Forest structure
– Snags and down trees
Quantify forest carbon storage; enter voluntary and/or regulatory carbon offset markets
Quantitative – inventory with permanent plots, and carbon calculator.
– Species, diameter, height of standing live trees
– Diameter, height, and decay class of standing dead trees
– Volume of harvested wood products
Additional resources on monitoring and other topics are available in the NNRG Resource Library.